Lies to the north west of the Yemeni Republic bordered from north by the two govemorates of Hudaida and Ibb and from the north east Al Daleh govemorate, from south - east.with Lahj Governorate and from the west the Red Sea. Its capital city is Taiz, 256 from the capital Sana’ to the west.
The features of Taiz Govemorate are different ranging from mountainous areas to plains and valleys. It overlooks a vast pare of the coastal line of the Red Sea and the straits of Bab Al Mandeb. The features heights reach a zenith of 3070m above sea level where the Al Aros castle lies at Jabal Sabr. A lot of fertile valleys run across it and so produce a variety of fruits such as mango, pomegranate, citrus banana, papai, vegetables, cereals in addition to coffee beans.
A lot of cities in Taiz Governorate have flourished through the different historical stages, some relate to the old Yemeni history, such as Assoula city, Jappan, whereas they were mentioned in the old Yemeni inscriptions. Jappan city is today the Al Ma’ afer. It lies in a gap between Jabal Sabr and Jabal Thakhr (Jabal Habashi), now a ruined city of which nothing has remained except a mosque.
Taiz Govemorate comprises a lot of cities, antiquities, historical and touristic sites.
Taiz City …up…
It has a traditional history and past glory it is the capital of the Governorate that carries its name, 256Km far from Sana the capital to the south. It situated in the versant of Sabr mountain whose height is 3070m above sea level and extends over green dunes and hills that emanated fascination and beauty over the city.
Taiz City is considered one of the largest cities in Yemen that
played significant role in the history of Yemen in different stages.
It reached its zenith when it was the capital city of the Rasouliya state (1229-1 454AD) which could prevail all over the Yemeni domains.
Taiz has a moderate climate which made it a summer and winter resort of the most important landmarks of the city the ancient old wall punctured by several gates but none has remained of as per today except the large door and the Mousa door and parts of the wall topped with Al Qahera fortress perching above the city at a height of 1 80meter. There is also the Ashrafiyya school named after King Ashraf Al Rasouli (1377- 1400AD) adorned with two color distinguished minarets amidst the volcanic rocks that lie at the foot of the mountain. Of the landmarks also is Al Muzaffar mosque and Al Ma’tabiyyah dome decorated from the interior with fantastic water colors. The city comprises as well the city museum, which displays a set of curiosities and items that once were in the palace of Imam Ahmad Bin Yahia Hameed Al Din 1948-1962AD). Jabal Mountain of Sabr accorded more beauty to the city due to its extremely beautiful and splendid scenery. Many parks hug the city of Taiz from all sides the most important of which are:
(Oseifra and the fogs valley).
Sabr Mountain …up…
An aloof mountain on whose foot lies the city of Taiz and its unique and splendid fortress; to the west lies the ancient city of Jaba. It is a blessed mountain as it flows with a lot of bounties, springs and streams. Its sides are carpeted with a variety of vegetation, particularly Al Qat trees, coffee, cereals and fruits of all kinds, and spotted with any hanging beautiful villages which form an extremely charming and fascinating scenery that takes the fancy of the tourist and visitor especially the agricultural amphi-basins and hanging houses which looks at night like a chandelier of electric lamp similar to the stars glittering in the skyline.
Between Taiz city and the parts overlooking it from Sabr mountain a beautiful and touristis road swerves along. It is very amazing and breath - taking road, teems with the rhythm of daily
life activities and the scores of female figs and roses vendors who come from Sabr mountain and sell their products (crops) there daily. They are keen to wear their traditional costumes that distinguish the girls of Sabr mountain from others Sabr mountain is 3070meter above Sea level.
A lot of tombs of blessed men spread in Taiz city, most famous is that of Sheikh Ahmad Bin Alwan one of the famous Sufists, attributed to him the Alwaniya method which is one of the Sufist ways. Ibn Alwan lived in the days of King Al Mansour Nour Eldin Omar Bin Au Al Rasouli (1300AD).
The tomb of Sheikh Ahmad Bin Alwan lies in the mosque known by his name in Yafras city, situated to the south west of Taiz city at 30Km on the right side of the road leading to Al Tirba city (Stone built) the mosque dates back to 700, and witnesses yearly a lot of visitors.
Al Turba …up…
A famous city 72Km south to Taiz lies on a platen rising 2200meter above sea level in the southwestern part of the western heights overlooking southwestern slopes. Turba enjoys a moderate climate and beautiful scenery. The road to it passes through many fertile valleys and agricultural amphi-basins. Anciently it was known by (Al Ma’afir) and comprises the city of Al Siwa that classical sources have mentioned.
Shajarat Al Ghareeb (Stranger’s Tree) …up…
It lies in Duba’ area (Duqm Al Ghurab) to the right of the asphalted road leading to Turbat Dibhan. It is known historically by (Al Kalhama). It is (the tree after which the city is called) a tree of strange shape that has no similar. It is very huge in stem and branches and its color looks like that of an elephant body.
Al Mocha …up…
Famous City on the Red Sea coast 94Km to the west of Taiz
city. It is one of the old harbors mentioned in Humeiri inscriptions known by (Moza). It played a big role in Humeiri era and was taken by Jubani state (contemporary to Humeiri state) as a harbor. It played as well an influential role in the economic and political Yemeni history and prospered with the trade of Yemeni coffee especially at time of coffee export. By the dent of this harbor the Yemeni coffee beans was known to the world and carried its name (Mocha Coffee). Still the quality coffee beans hold this name up to day. But Mocha lost its importance as a trading harbor in the wake of the rising of Aden harbor in the late 19th century and after the emergence of Al Hudaida harbor in the second half of the 20the century. However, it is now restoring some of its past glory.
Of the landmarks of Mocha today is the Shazli mosque and minaret which date back to more than 500 years. It is a distinguished minaret.
This is in addition to certain antiquities, which reflect the glory and prosperity of Mocha until to date.
Near to Mocha city scatter a number of beautiful beaches caressed with palm trees, coconuts such as the Yakhtal beach, and Malik (King) beach between the estuaries of Russian valley from the north and Muwazia’ valley from the south.
Al Janad …up…
A famous historical city 23Km to the north east of Taiz city. It was the capital for one of the military grouping. Before The spread of Islam, it was one of the Arabs seasonal markets and witnessed the first mosque in Yemen, built by Mu’az Bin Jabal in the 8th year of Hijra (630AD) when the prophet, peace be upon him, sent him to Yemen and refurbished by Hussein Bin Salamah the Minister to Abi Al Jaish Ziad, the last king of Ziad dynasty in Tehama.
Most parts of the city are demolished and now it is just a small town. Salient landmarks of it are: the old mosque the water canals carved inside the mountains at the depth of lOin constructed by Al Mufaddal Bin Abi Barakat one of the ministers
of lady (Arwa) daughter of Ahmad Al Suleihi. A lot of scholars and jurists belong to Al lund.
Weekly Souks (Markets)